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Cell uptake of a biosensor detected by hyperpolarized 129Xe NMR: The transferrin case

Abstract : For detection of biological events in vitro, sensors using hyperpolarized 129Xe NMR can become a powerful tool, provided the approach can bridge the gap in sensitivity. Here we propose constructs based on the non-selective grafting of cryptophane precursors on holo-transferrin. This biological system was chosen because there are many receptors on the cell surface, and endocytosis further increases this density. The study of these biosensors with K562 cell suspensions via fluorescence microscopy and 129Xe NMR indicates a strong interaction, as well as interesting features such as the capacity of xenon to enter the cryptophane even when the biosensor is endocytosed, while keeping a high level of polarization. Despite a lack of specificity for transferrin receptors, undoubtedly due to the hydrophobic character of the cryptophane moiety that attracts the biosensor into the cell membrane, these biosensors allow the first in-cell probing of biological events using hyperpolarized xenon.
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Céline Boutin, Antoine Stopin, Fatimazohra Lenda, Thierry Brotin, Jean-Pierre Dutasta, et al.. Cell uptake of a biosensor detected by hyperpolarized 129Xe NMR: The transferrin case. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, Elsevier, 2011, 19 (13), pp.4135-4143. ⟨10.1016/j.bmc.2011.05.002⟩. ⟨hal-01116905⟩



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