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Loudness of low-frequency pure tones lateralized by interaural time differences

Vincent Koehl 1, * Mathieu Paquier 1
* Corresponding author
1 Lab-STICC_UBO_CID_IHSEV
Lab-STICC - Laboratoire des sciences et techniques de l'information, de la communication et de la connaissance
Abstract : Directional loudness is that phenomenon by which the loudness of a sound may vary according to the localization of its source. This phenomenon has been mainly observed for high-frequency sounds, for sources located in the horizontal plane. Because of the acoustic shadow of the head, the left and right ear pressures are modified depending on the source azimuth and the global loudness resulting from a summation process may vary accordingly. Directional loudness has also been reported to occur at 400 Hz, where shadowing effects are usually rather small. It might therefore be suspected that directional loudness effects could be influenced by other parameters involved in the localization process. This study assessed the loudness of low-frequency pure tones (200 and 400 Hz) lateralized with headphones by applying an interaural time difference (ITD) but no interaural level difference. It showed small but significant variations of loudness with respect to ITD at a low loudness level (40 phon): ITD values associated with virtual azimuths of ±60° and ±90° led to a small but significant increase in loudness (up to 1.25 dB). However, there was no such effect at a moderate loudness level (70 phon).
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Submitted on : Monday, February 23, 2015 - 2:10:52 PM
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Vincent Koehl, Mathieu Paquier. Loudness of low-frequency pure tones lateralized by interaural time differences. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Acoustical Society of America, 2015, 137 (2), pp.1040-1043. ⟨10.1121/1.4906262⟩. ⟨hal-01115878⟩

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