Abstract : We design new deterministic algorithms, based on Graeffe transforms, to compute all the roots of a polynomial which splits over a finite field F q . Our algorithms were designed to be particularly efficient in the case when the cardinality q − 1 of the multiplicative group of F q is smooth. Such fields are often used in practice because they support fast discrete Fourier transforms. We also present a new nearly optimal algorithm for computing characteristic polynomials of multiplication endomorphisms in finite field extensions. This algorithm allows for the efficient computation of Graeffe transforms of arbitrary orders.