Volumetric quantification of airway wall in CT via collision-free active surface model: application to asthma assessment

Abstract : Emerging idea in asthma phenotyping, incorporating local morphometric information on the airway wall thickness would be able to better account for the process of airway remodeling as indicator of pathology or therapeutic impact. It is thus important that such information be provided uniformly along the airway tree, not on a sparse (cross-section) sampling basis. The volumetric segmentation of the airway wall from CT data is the issue addressed in this paper by exploiting a patient-specific surface active model. An original aspect taken into account in the proposed deformable model is the management of auto-collisions for this complex morphology. The analysis of several solutions ended up with the design of a motion vector field specific to the patient geometry to guide the deformation. The segmentation result, presented as two embedded inner/outer surfaces of the wall, allows the quantification of the tissue thickness based on a locally-defined measure sensitive to even small surface irregularities. The method is validated with respect to several ground truth simulations of pulmonary CT data with different airway geometries and acquisition protocols showing accuracy within the CT resolution range. Results from an ongoing clinical study on moderate and severe asthma are presented and discussed.
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Article dans une revue
IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014, pp.1512-26. <10.1109/TMI.2014.2316115>
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01103752
Contributeur : Catalin Fetita <>
Soumis le : jeudi 15 janvier 2015 - 12:48:10
Dernière modification le : jeudi 9 février 2017 - 15:21:04

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Catalin Fetita, Margarete Ortner, Pierre-Yves Brillet, Francoise Preteux, Philippe A Grenier. Volumetric quantification of airway wall in CT via collision-free active surface model: application to asthma assessment. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014, pp.1512-26. <10.1109/TMI.2014.2316115>. <hal-01103752>

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