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Protocole de relaxation intégrative et transdiagnostique pour patients anxieux. Résultats d’une étude pilote.

Abstract : IntroductionThe literature data show that relaxation practice is effective in reducing anxiety symptoms. Different techniques such as progressive muscular relaxation, autogenic training, applied relaxation and meditation have been evaluated independently for anxiety disorders. The question is to know whether the combination of various techniques may be of interest in the transdiagnostic treatment of anxiety disorders.Aim of the studyThe present study assessed the short-term efficacy of a 10-week integrative and transdiagnostic relaxation program for anxiety disorders in outpatients of an anxiety disorders unit.MethodsThe diagnoses were made according to the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI; Sheehan et al., 1998) and completed with an assessment of anxiety and depressive symptoms using: the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-Y, -S and -T), the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II). Four techniques were integrated into the structured 10-week protocol: breathing control, muscular relaxation, meditation and mental visualization.ResultsTwenty-eight patients (12 men and 16 women), mean age (S.D.)=38.82 years (11.57), were included in the study. All the included patients fulfilled the DSM-IV criteria for a current diagnosis of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (n =13) or Panic Disorder (n =15) with or without agoraphobia. At the end of the 10 sessions, we found a significant reduction in mean scores (S.D.) on the STAI-T from 53.179 (6.037) to 49.821 (8.028) (P <0.02), the BDI-II 20.964 (13.167) to 15.429 (11.341) (d =0.6543) and the QIPS 55.071 (10.677) to 49.679 (11.7) (d =0.5938). The observed reduction in the STAI-S (d =0.2776) was not significant.DiscussionThe results of this open study showed that this program significantly decreases the level of trait anxiety, depression and worry. The integrative and transdiagnostic relaxation program could represent an accessible and effective treatment to reduce anxious and depressive symptoms in various anxiety disorders. Future research should address the development of controlled trials assessing the impact of the different dimensions of anxiety and the long-term effects of this protocol.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 17, 2014 - 3:40:43 PM
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D. Servant, A. Germe, M. Autuori, F. de Almeida, M. Hay, et al.. Protocole de relaxation intégrative et transdiagnostique pour patients anxieux. Résultats d’une étude pilote.. L'Encéphale, Elsevier Masson, 2014, 40 (6), pp.501-506. ⟨10.1016/j.encep.2014.07.001⟩. ⟨hal-01096473⟩



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