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Modeling the pressure generation in aluminum based thermites

Abstract : The paper proposes a new theoretical model based on local thermodynamic equilibrium enabling the prediction of gas generation during the reaction of aluminum-based thermites. We demonstrate that the model has the capability to predict the total pressure and its partial pressure components as a function of the reaction extent and compaction. Al/CuO, Al/Bi2O3, Al/Sb2O3, Al/MoO3 and Al/WO3 thermites are modeled and their capability to generate pressure compared. Simulation results are also validatedthrough dedicated experiments and showgeneral agreement beyond the state of the art. Mechanisms underlying pressure generation are detailed. A two-stage process for the pressure increase in Al/CuO reaction,also observed experimentally,is shown to be driven by oxygen generation as produced byCuO and Cu2O vaporizationthrough different kinetics. Comparison with experiment stresses the issue of the understanding of the complex chemical processes taking place during vaporization and subsequent gas phase reactions and the need to determine their thermodynamicconstants.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 16, 2014 - 2:28:18 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 11:17:59 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-01094520, version 1


Vincent Baijot, Ludovic Glavier, Jean-Marie Ducéré, Mehdi Djafari-Rouhani, Carole Rossi, et al.. Modeling the pressure generation in aluminum based thermites. Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2015, 40 (3), pp. 402-412. ⟨hal-01094520⟩



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