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Distinguer/Expliciter. L'ontologie du Web comme ontologie "d'opérations"

Alexandre Monnin 1 Pierre Livet 2 
1 WIMMICS - Web-Instrumented Man-Machine Interactions, Communities and Semantics
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , Laboratoire I3S - SPARKS - Scalable and Pervasive softwARe and Knowledge Systems
Abstract : This paper purports to be an ontological inquiry about ontologies. By taking seriously the “empirical metaphysics” contained in the architecture of the Web, our goal is to grasp the kind of entities it came to distinguish. A necessary step in order to contextualize computer ontologies with regards to their technical surrounding and its architectural constrains. Yet, such distinctions are not understood as classically analytic or synthetic a priori ones. Indeed, the work accomplished by the Web architects belongs to engineering. For that reason, we outline a processually-based approach to ontology, no longer dualistic but rather triadic. It embeds the very operations of distinction and explicitation through which ontological types are made to emerge. We then relate this first sketch to a variety of examples picked up from the first part, dealing with folksonomies, computer ontologies and the very principles behind the architecture of the Web. Therefrom, , we take into account the plurality of the modes of access on the Web on a broader scale in order to extend our previous developments on the ontological dynamics though new distinctions are made explicit. A model is laid down which draws from Robert Stalnaker’s two-dimensional semantics, in its generalized multi-dimensional version, reshaped in order to escape its being focused on the notion of truth.
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Alexandre Monnin, Pierre Livet. Distinguer/Expliciter. L'ontologie du Web comme ontologie "d'opérations". Intellectica - La revue de l’Association pour la Recherche sur les sciences de la Cognition (ARCo), 2014, Philosophie du Web et Ingénierie des connaissances, 1 (61), pp.59-104. ⟨10.3406/intel.2014.1039⟩. ⟨hal-01079854v2⟩



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