Remarkable diversity of endogenous viruses in a crustacean genome.

Abstract : Recent studies in paleovirology have uncovered myriads of endogenous viral elements (EVEs) integrated in the genome of their eukaryotic hosts. These fragments result from endogenization, that is, integration of the viral genome into the host germline genome followed by vertical inheritance. So far, most studies have used a virus-centered approach, whereby endogenous copies of a particular group of viruses were searched in all available sequenced genomes. Here, we follow a host-centered approach whereby the genome of a given species is comprehensively screened for the presence of EVEs using all available complete viral genomes as queries. Our analyses revealed that 54 EVEs corresponding to 10 different viral lineages belonging to 5 viral families (Bunyaviridae, Circoviridae, Parvoviridae, and Totiviridae) and one viral order (Mononegavirales) became endogenized in the genome of the isopod crustacean Armadillidium vulgare. We show that viral endogenization occurred recurrently during the evolution of isopods and that A. vulgare viral lineages were involved in multiple host switches that took place between widely divergent taxa. Furthermore, 30 A. vulgare EVEs have uninterrupted open reading frames, suggesting they result from recent endogenization of viruses likely to be currently infecting isopod populations. Overall, our work shows that isopods have been and are still infected by a large variety of viruses. It also extends the host range of several families of viruses and brings new insights into their evolution. More generally, our results underline the power of paleovirology in characterizing the viral diversity currently infecting eukaryotic taxa.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01078498
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 29, 2014 - 10:57:53 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 6, 2019 - 3:40:04 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01078498, version 1
  • PUBMED : 25084787

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Julien Thézé, Sébastien Leclercq, Bouziane Moumen, Richard Cordaux, Clément Gilbert. Remarkable diversity of endogenous viruses in a crustacean genome.. Genome Biology and Evolution, Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution, 2014, 6 (6), pp.2129-2140. ⟨hal-01078498⟩

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