Sustainable deployment of QTLs conferring quantitative resistance to crops: first lessons from a stochastic model

Abstract : • Quantitative plant disease resistance is believed to be more durable than qualita-tive resistance, since it exerts less selective pressure on the pathogens. However, the process of progressive pathogen adaptation to quantitative resistance is poorly un-derstood, which makes it difficult to predict its durability or to derive principles for its sustainable deployment. Here, we study the dynamics of pathogen adaptation in response to quantitative plant resistance affecting pathogen reproduction rate and its carrying capacity. • We developed a stochastic model for the continuous evolution of a pathogen popu- lation within a quantitatively resistant host. We assumed that pathogen can adapt to a host by the progressive restoration of reproduction rate or of carrying capacity, or of both. • Our model suggests that a combination of QTLs affecting distinct pathogen traits was more durable if the evolution of repressed traits was antagonistic. Other- wise, quantitative resistance that depressed only pathogen reproduction was more durable. • In order to decelerate the progressive pathogen adaptation, QTLs that decrease the pathogen’s ability to extend must be combined with QTLs that decrease the spore production per lesion or the infection efficiency or that increase the latent period. Our theoretical framework can help breeders to develop principles for sustainable deployment of quantitative trait loci.
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Romain Bourget, Loïc Chaumont, Charles-Eric Durel, Natalia Sapoukhina. Sustainable deployment of QTLs conferring quantitative resistance to crops: first lessons from a stochastic model. 2014. 〈hal-01076721〉

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