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Leachates from solid wastes: chemical and eco(geno)toxicological differences between leachates obtained from fresh and stabilized industrial organic sludge

Abstract : The chemical and ecotoxicological characteristics of fresh and stabilized industrial organic sludge leachates were compared to obtain information regarding how the stabilization process can influence the ecotoxic potential of this industrial waste, which could be used for the amendment of degraded soil. Physicochemical analysis of the sludge leachates, as well as a battery of eco(geno)toxicity tests on bacteria, algae, daphnids, and higher plants (including Vicia faba genotoxicity test) and the determination of hydrolytic enzyme activity, was performed according to standard methods. The chemical comparison of the two types of leachate showed that the samples obtained from stabilized sludge had a lower organic content and higher metal content than leachates of the fresh sludge. The eco(geno)toxicological results obtained with aquatic organisms showed that the stabilized sludge leachate was more toxic than the fresh sludge leachate, both originating from the same industrial organic sludge sample. Nevertheless, phytotoxicity tests carried out with a reference peat soil irrigated with stabilized sludge leachate showed the same toxicity as the fresh sludge leachate. In the case of the industrial solid organic sludge studied, stabilization through a biodegradation process promoted a higher metal mobility/bioavailability/eco(geno)toxicity in the stabilized sludge leachate compared to the fresh sludge leachate.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01076361
Contributor : Angelina Razafitianamaharavo <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 21, 2014 - 7:26:32 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 12, 2021 - 2:36:01 PM

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Claudete G. Chiochetta, Luis C. Goetten, Snia M. Almeida, Gaetana Quaranta, Sylvie Cotelle, et al.. Leachates from solid wastes: chemical and eco(geno)toxicological differences between leachates obtained from fresh and stabilized industrial organic sludge. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2014, 21 (2), pp.1090-1098. ⟨10.1007/s11356-013-1979-0⟩. ⟨hal-01076361⟩

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