Intestinal Parasites in First World War German Soldiers from ''Kilianstollen'', Carspach, France

Abstract : Paleoparasitological investigations revealed the presence of intestinal helminths in samples taken from the abdominal cavities of two German soldiers, recovered in the First World War site named ''Kilianstollen'' in Carspach, France. Eggs from roundworm, whipworm, tapeworm and capillariids were identified. The morphological and morphometrical comparison, followed by statistical analyses, showed that the Carspach capillariid eggs are similar to rodent parasites. Poor sanitary conditions in the trenches, the lack of knowledge of parasites, and the widespread presence of commensal animals, can explain the occurrence of such parasites in human intestines. This study is the second dealing with 20 th century human samples. It confirms the presence of intestinal worms in First World War German soldiers. In this case study, the application of statistics to precise measurements facilitated the diagnosis of ancient helminth eggs and completed the microscopic approach.
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Matthieu Le Bailly, Michaël Landolt, Leslie Mauchamp, Benjamin Dufour. Intestinal Parasites in First World War German Soldiers from ''Kilianstollen'', Carspach, France. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2014, 9 (10), pp.e109543. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0109543⟩. ⟨hal-01074952⟩

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