Observation of the Venusian nightside hydrogen corona by SPICAV/VEX

Jean-Yves Chaufray 1 François Leblanc 1 Jean-Loup Bertaux 1 Eric Quémerais 1 Sophia Sulis 1
1 HEPPI - LATMOS
LATMOS - Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales
Abstract : Atomic hydrogen in the upper atmosphere of Venus is produced by chemical reactions involving hydrogen bearing molecules such as H2O. Due to its low mass, atomic hydrogen can reach high altitudes and become the dominant species in the Venusian exosphere. In the Venusian upper atmosphere, ions-neutral interactions could produce the non-thermal hydrogen population that has been observed by numerous past missions and confirmed recently by Venus Express missions at dayside. Observations of the nightside Venusian hydrogen corona have been performed in October 2011 by SPICAV-UV on Venus Express. Both disk and limb have been observed. With these observations,we also measured the hydrogen content at nightside by absorption of the interplanetary emission. This second method provides us an absolute measurement of the hydrogen content independent on the absolute calibration of the instrument. Results from both emission and absorption will be presented.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 10, 2014 - 6:27:32 PM
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Jean-Yves Chaufray, François Leblanc, Jean-Loup Bertaux, Eric Quémerais, Sophia Sulis. Observation of the Venusian nightside hydrogen corona by SPICAV/VEX. 40th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, Aug 2014, Moscow, Russia. pp.Abstract C3.2-26-14. ⟨hal-01073944⟩

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