Imaging the collective excitations of an ultracold gas using statistical correlations

Romain Dubessy 1 Camilla de Rossi 1 Thomas Badr 1 Laurent Longchambon 1 Hélène Perrin 1
1 BEC
LPL - Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers
Abstract : Advanced data analysis techniques have proved to be crucial for extracting information from noisy images. Here we show that principal component analysis can be successfully applied to ultracold gases to unveil their collective excitations. By analyzing the correlations in a series of images we are able to identify the collective modes which are excited, determine their population, image their eigenfunction, and measure their frequency. Our method allows to discriminate the relevant modes from other noise components and is robust with respect to the data sampling procedure. It can be extended to other dynamical systems including cavity polariton quantum gases or trapped ions.
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Romain Dubessy, Camilla de Rossi, Thomas Badr, Laurent Longchambon, Hélène Perrin. Imaging the collective excitations of an ultracold gas using statistical correlations. New Journal of Physics, Institute of Physics: Open Access Journals, 2014, 16, pp.122001. ⟨http://iopscience.iop.org/1367-2630/16/12/122001⟩. ⟨10.1088/1367-2630/16/12/122001⟩. ⟨hal-01071947v2⟩

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