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Microsporidian Genomes Harbor a Diverse Array of Transposable Elements that Demonstrate an Ancestry of Horizontal Exchange with Metazoans.

Abstract : Microsporidian genomes are the leading models to understand the streamlining in response to a pathogenic lifestyle; they are gene-poor and often possess small genomes. In this study, we show a feature of microsporidian genomes that contrasts this pattern of genome reduction. Specifically, genome investigations targeted at Anncaliia algerae, a human pathogen with a genome size of 23 Mb, revealed the presence of a hitherto undetected diversity in transposable elements (TEs). A total of 240 TE families per genome were identified, exceeding that found in many free-living fungi, and searches of microsporidian species revealed that these mobile elements represent a significant portion of their coding repertoire. Their phylogenetic analysis revealed that many cases of ancestry involve recent and bidirectional horizontal transfers with metazoans. The abundance and horizontal transfer origin of microsporidian TEs highlight a novel dimension of genome evolution in these intracellular pathogens, demonstrating that factors beyond reduction are at play in their diversification.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01071789
Contributor : Anne Moné <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 6, 2014 - 4:39:46 PM
Last modification on : Monday, September 20, 2021 - 12:00:03 PM

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Nicolas Parisot, Adrian Pelin, Cyrielle Gasc, Valérie Polonais, Abdel Belkorchia, et al.. Microsporidian Genomes Harbor a Diverse Array of Transposable Elements that Demonstrate an Ancestry of Horizontal Exchange with Metazoans.. Genome Biol Evol, Oxford University Press, 2014, 6 (9), pp.2289-300. ⟨10.1093/gbe/evu178⟩. ⟨hal-01071789⟩

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