Observations Platforms : Balloons

Jean-Pierre Pommereau 1
1 STRATO - LATMOS
LATMOS - Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales
Abstract : Balloons are unique tools for studying the atmosphere. In contrast to satellites providing a global view of the Earth's atmosphere at broad resolution, they allow investigating atmospheric processes at high resolution. Following the meteorological balloon-sondes at the end of the nineteenth century, powerful vehicles have been designed using plastic films available since 1947. Since then a number of balloon platforms have been designed spanning from zero pressure balloons flying up to 40 km altitude, spherical or pumpkin super-pressure balloons and Infrared Montgolfier allowing long duration flights for several months, and tethered balloons for studying the lower atmosphere.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 19, 2014 - 5:19:17 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 14, 2019 - 11:09:49 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01066392, version 1

Citation

Jean-Pierre Pommereau. Observations Platforms : Balloons. John Pyle and Fuqing Zhang. Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences (Second Edition), Elsevier, pp.255-263, 2015, 978-0-12-382225-3. ⟨hal-01066392⟩

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