Hemocyte morphology and phagocytic activity in the common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis).

Abstract : Little is known about the immune system of cephalopods, in spite of their many highly derived characters within the molluscan clade, including a vertebrate-like high-pressure closed circulatory system. Further the economic importance of cephalopod fisheries, potential for aquaculture, and use as ecotoxicology models demand a thorough understanding of their immune system. In this study, we present a comprehensive characterization of hemocytes in the common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis. Cytological stainings, electron microscopy- and flow cytometry-observations highlight a single granulocyte population with various densities of eosinophilic granules and unstained vesicles. These hemocytes contain acid phosphatase-, lysozyme- and proPO system enzymes, and have high activity in bead phagocytosis assays. Interestingly, bead pre-incubation in plasma results in time-dependent aggregation perhaps resulting from hemocyanin-coating, and decrease in phagocytosis. This study provides the basis for understanding hemocyte-mediated immunity in the common cuttlefish, and essential background for future studies on cephalopod immunity.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 9, 2014 - 10:41:14 AM
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Charles Le Pabic, Didier Goux, Maryline Guillamin, Georges Safi, Jean-Marc Lebel, et al.. Hemocyte morphology and phagocytic activity in the common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis).. Fish and Shellfish Immunology, Elsevier, 2014, 40 (2), pp.362-373. ⟨10.1016/j.fsi.2014.07.020⟩. ⟨hal-01062067⟩



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