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Phase measurement of a microwave optical modulation: characterisation and reduction of amplitude-to-phase conversion in 1.5 µm high bandwidth photodiodes

Abstract : High accuracy and low noise measurement of the phase of a microwave signal requires that spurious contributions are adequately dealt with. In this paper we investigate the power-to-phase coupling in two commercial high bandwidth P-I-N, near-IR photodetectors. We observe that a sudden change of the optical power induces a transient of the phase of the 20 GHz signal, at different time scales. The temperature rise of the photodetector junction is likely to be involved in this dynamical behaviour. The value of the bias voltage applied to the photodetector appears to control the size of the phase transients, as well as the optical power for which the slope of the amplitude-to-phase coupling cancels. The most efficient way to reduce amplitude to phase couplings consists in implementing optical demodulation, instead of electrical demodulation, of the microwave signal.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 27, 2014 - 9:55:48 AM
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Ha Phung, Mourad Merzougui, Christophe Alexandre, Michel Lintz. Phase measurement of a microwave optical modulation: characterisation and reduction of amplitude-to-phase conversion in 1.5 µm high bandwidth photodiodes. Journal of Lightwave Technology, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)/Optical Society of America(OSA), 2014, 32 (20), pp.3759 - 3767. ⟨10.1109/JLT.2014.2312457⟩. ⟨hal-01058510⟩

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