Activités d'extractions de matériaux calcaires au cœur de la ville d'Orléans entre la fin du Xe siècle et le XVe siècle

Abstract : Considered in Antiquity and attested during the High middle ages, stone quarrying in Orleans centre is best known for the Late Middle ages through several archaeological operations and observations leaded in the past few years. Our purpose is to introduce quarrying areas of the sites of L'îlot de la Charpenterie (X-XI) and of La rue Saint-Flou (XIII), furthermore small quarries identified in the basement of houses where these cavities are related to cellars edification between the thirteenth and the early fifteenth centuries. Several modes of exploitation seemed to have coexisted on a same site (surface quarrying, wells leading to galeries or simple "caverons"), so that we have to question the use(s) of limestone material extracted in the form of small rubbles, pebbles or aggregates in "blocages", binders or floors., In some urban areas, intensive exploitation of the subsoil, located near particular settlements, refers to significants building activities in the city.
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Contributor : Clément Alix <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 16, 2014 - 3:08:48 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 20, 2018 - 12:06:02 PM

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Clément Alix, Didier Josset, Thierry Massat. Activités d'extractions de matériaux calcaires au cœur de la ville d'Orléans entre la fin du Xe siècle et le XVe siècle. Construire la ville. Histoire urbaine de la pierre à bâtir, Apr 2012, Tours, France. pp.11-26. ⟨hal-01024674⟩

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