Benchmarking DFT and TD-DFT functionals for the ground and excited states of hydrogen-rich peptide radicals

Abstract : We assess the pros and cons of a large panel of DFT exchange-correlation functionals for the prediction of the electronic structure of hydrogen-rich peptide radicals formed after electron attachment on a protonated peptide. Indeed, despite its importance in the understanding of the chemical changes associated with the reduction step, the question of the attachment site of an electron, and more generally of the reduced species formed in the gas phase through electron induced dissociation (ExD) processes in mass spectrometry, is still a matter of debate. For hydrogen-rich peptide radicals in which several positive groups and low lying π* orbitals can capture the incoming electron in ExD, inclusion of full Hartree-Fock exchange at long-range interelectronic distance is a prerequisite for an accurate description of the electronic states, excluding therefore several popular exchange-correlation functionals, e.g., B3LYP, M06-2X or CAM-B3LYP. However, we show that this condition is not sufficient by comparing the results obtained with asymptotically correct range separated hybrids (M11, LC-BLYP, LC-BPW91, ωB97, ωB97X and ωB97X-D) and with reference CASSCF-MRCI and EOM-CCSD calculations. The attenuation parameter ω significantly tunes the spin density distribution and the excited states vertical energies. The investigated model structures, ranging from methylammonium to hexapeptide, allow us to obtain a description of the nature and energy of the electronic states depending on: (i) the presence of hydrogen bond(s) around the cationic site(s); (ii) the presence of π* MOs; and (iii) the selected DFT approach. It turns out that, in the present framework, LC-BLYP and ωB97 yields the most accurate results.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 1, 2014 - 12:45:19 AM
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Vanessa Riffet, Denis Jacquemin, Emilie Cauet, Gilles Frison. Benchmarking DFT and TD-DFT functionals for the ground and excited states of hydrogen-rich peptide radicals. Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, American Chemical Society, 2014, 10, pp.3308-3318. ⟨10.1021/ct5004912⟩. ⟨hal-01016685⟩



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