Simulating Autonomous Pedestrians Navigation : A Generic Multi-Agent Model to Couple Individual and Collective Dynamics

Patrick Simo Kanmeugne 1 Aurélie Beynier 1
1 SMA - Systèmes Multi-Agents
LIP6 - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Paris 6
Abstract : In this paper, we focus on planning credible walking paths in real-time for a potentially highly congested crowd of au- tonomous pedestrians. For this purpose, we exploit the prin- ciple of least effort, applied to human navigation, which pos- tulates that credible behaviours emerge as a function of the organism's propensity to minimize metabolic energy expen- diture with respect to task, environment dynamics, and or- ganism's constraints to action. We therefore propose a consistent problem formulation for the navigation task where both individual and collective dynamics are taken into account. Each pedestrian is represented as a situated agent who tries to reach its destination by following energy efficient paths. Agents are autonomous, and at the same time, sub- ject to the environment dynamics. They interact with each other through the environment in order to estimate their en- ergy expenditure relatively to their tasks. Our formulation results in a generic and scalable multi-agent model, capable of simulating individual and collective behaviours regardless of the number of agents.
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Patrick Simo Kanmeugne, Aurélie Beynier. Simulating Autonomous Pedestrians Navigation : A Generic Multi-Agent Model to Couple Individual and Collective Dynamics. Eighth International Workshop on Agents in Traffic and Transportation (ATT 2014), May 2014, Paris, France. ⟨hal-01005800⟩

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