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Analysis of Multivalley and Multibandgap Absorption and Enhancement of Free Carriers Related to Exciton Screening in Hybrid Perovskites

Abstract : Solution-processable metal-halide perovskites recently opened a new route toward low-cost manufacture of photovoltaic cells. Converting sunlight into electrical energy depends on several factors among which a broad absorption across the solar spectrum and attractive charge transport properties are of primary importance. Hybrid perovskites meet such prerequisites, but despite foremost experimental research efforts, their understanding remains scanty. Here we show that in these materials the appropriate absorption and transport properties are afforded by the multibandgap and multivalley nature of their band structure. We also investigate the nature of the photoexcited species. Our analysis suggests exciton screening by collective orientational motion of the organic cations at room temperature, leading to almost free carriers. Molecular collective motion is also expected to couple to carrier diffusion at room temperature. In mixed halides, our interpretation indicates that doping might hinder collective molecular motions, leading to good transport properties despite alloying and local lattice strain.
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Jacky Even, Laurent Pedesseau, Claudine Katan. Analysis of Multivalley and Multibandgap Absorption and Enhancement of Free Carriers Related to Exciton Screening in Hybrid Perovskites. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, American Chemical Society, 2014, 118 (22), pp.11566-11572. ⟨10.1021/jp503337a⟩. ⟨hal-01004794⟩

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