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Genetic structure and local adaptation of European wheat yellow rust populations: the role of temperature-specific adaptation

Abstract : Environmental heterogeneity influences coevolution and local adaptation in hostparasite systems. This also concerns applied issues, because the geographic range of parasites may depend on their capacity to adapt to abiotic conditions. We studied temperature-specific adaptation in the wheat yellow/stripe rust pathogen, Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici (PST). Using laboratory experiments, PST isolates from northern and southern France were studied for their ability to germinate and to infect bread and durum wheat cultivars over a temperature gradient. Pathogen origin x temperature interactions for infectivity and germination rate suggest local adaptation to high- versus low-temperature regimes in south and north. Competition experiments in southern and northern field sites showed a general competitive advantage of southern over northern isolates. This advantage was particularly pronounced in the southern home site, consistent with a model integrating laboratory infectivity and field temperature variation. The stable PST population structure in France likely reflects adaptation to ecological and genetic factors: persistence of southern PST may be due to adaptation to the warmer Mediterranean climate; and persistence of northern PST can be explained by adaptation to commonly used cultivars, for which southern isolates are lacking the relevant virulence genes. Thus, understanding the role of temperature-specific adaptations may help to improve forecast models or breeding programmes.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01000343
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Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 6:34:33 AM
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Mamadou Kane Mboup, Bochra Amina Bahri, Marc Leconte, Claude Pope de Vallavieille, Olivier Kaltz, et al.. Genetic structure and local adaptation of European wheat yellow rust populations: the role of temperature-specific adaptation. Evolutionary Applications, Blackwell, 2012, 5 (4), pp.341-352. ⟨10.1111/j.1752-4571.2011.00228.x⟩. ⟨hal-01000343⟩

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