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Summertime tropospheric ozone assessment over the Mediterranean region using the thermal infrared IASI/MetOp sounder and the WRF-Chem model

Abstract : Over the Mediterranean region, elevated tropospheric ozone (O3) values are recorded, especially in summer. We use the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) and the Weather Research and Forecasting Model with Chemistry (WRF-Chem) to understand and interpret the factors and emission sources responsible for the high O3 concentrations observed in the Mediterranean troposphere. Six years of IASI data have been analyzed and show consistent maxima during summer, with an increase of up to 22% in the [0-8] km O3 column in the eastern part of the basin compared to the middle of the basin. We analyze 2010 as an example year to investigate the processes that contribute to these summer maxima. Using two modeled O3 tracers (inflow to the model domain and local anthropogenic emissions), we show that between the surface and 2 km, O3 is mostly formed from anthropogenic emissions and above 4 km, is mostly transported from outside the domain. Evidence of stratosphere to troposphere exchanges (STE) in the eastern part of the basin is shown, and corresponds with low relative humidity and high potential vorticity.
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Sarah Safieddine, Anne Boynard, P.-F. Coheur, D. Hurtmans, G. Pfister, et al.. Summertime tropospheric ozone assessment over the Mediterranean region using the thermal infrared IASI/MetOp sounder and the WRF-Chem model. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, European Geosciences Union, 2014, 14, pp.10119-10131. ⟨10.5194/acp-14-10119-2014⟩. ⟨hal-00997874⟩

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