Adaptive inter-mode decision for HEVC jointly utilizing inter-level and spatio-temporal correlations

Abstract : High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) adopts the quadtree structured coding unit (CU), which allows recursive splitting into four equally sized blocks. At each depth level, it enables SKIP mode, Merge mode, Inter 2N×2N, Inter 2N×N, Inter N×2N, Inter 2N×nU, Inter 2N×nD, Inter nL×2N, Inter nR×2N, Inter N×N (only available for the smallest CU), Intra 2N×2N and Intra N×N (only available for the smallest CU) in inter frames. Similar to H.264/AVC, the mode decision process in HEVC is performed using all the possible depth levels (or CU sizes) and prediction modes to find the one with the least rate distortion (RD) cost using Lagrange multiplier. This achieves the highest coding efficiency, but leads to a very high computational complexity. Since the optimal prediction mode is highly content-dependent, it is not efficient to use all the modes. In this paper, we propose a fast inter mode decision algorithm for HEVC by jointly utilizing the inter-level correlation of quadtree structure and the spatio-temporal correlation. There exist strong correlations of the prediction mode, the motion vector and RD cost between different depth levels and between spatially-temporally adjacent CUs. We statistically analyze the prediction mode distribution at each depth level and the coding information correlation among adjacent CUs. Based on the analysis results, three adaptive inter-mode decision strategies are proposed including early SKIP mode decision, prediction size correlation based mode decision and RD cost correlation based mode decision. Experimental results show that the proposed overall algorithm can save 49%-52% computational complexity on average with negligible loss of coding efficiency, exhibiting applicability to various types of video sequences.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00996798
Contributor : Zhi Liu <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 27, 2014 - 1:56:57 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 15, 2018 - 11:57:53 AM

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Liquan Shen, Zhaoyang Zhang, Zhi Liu. Adaptive inter-mode decision for HEVC jointly utilizing inter-level and spatio-temporal correlations. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014, pp.1. ⟨10.1109/TCSVT.2014.2313892⟩. ⟨hal-00996798⟩

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