Vehicle to Pedestrian Communications for Protection of Vulnerable road Users

Abstract : Vehicle and pedestrian collisions often result in fatality to the vulnerable road users, indicating a strong need of technologies to protect such vulnerable road users. Wireless communications have potential to support road safety by enabling road users to exchange information. In contrast to vehicle to vehicle (V2V) and vehicle to infrastructure (V2I) communications for avoidance of inter-vehicle collisions, very limited efforts are made on communication mechanisms for pedestrian safety. This paper addresses the issue in a concrete way. We first formulate the requirement of the minimum information exchange distance for providing road users to have the necessary amount of time to perceive the situation and react. We then report our field tests and measurement based analysis to investigate if a Wi-Fi system can satisfy the application requirement. We also introduce a pedestrian protection application, V2ProVu, which provides the functionalities of the Wi-Fi communications, risk calculation, and hazard alarming. Our study discloses several useful insights including 1) information exchange for a velocity of 80 km/h has to be made before vehicle to pedestrian (V2P) distance is below 72 meters and 2) while this requirement is not too hard for radio communications technologies, the V2P communication range is greatly reduced if the signal is blocked by a human body.
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José Javier Anaya, Pierre Merdrignac, Oyunchimeg Shagdar, Fawzi Nashashibi, José E. Naranjo. Vehicle to Pedestrian Communications for Protection of Vulnerable road Users. 2014 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, Jun 2014, Dearborn, Michigan, United States. pp.1-6. ⟨hal-00992759⟩

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