Effective viscosity in quantum turbulence: a steady-state approach

Abstract : The concept of ''effective viscosity'' $\nueff$ of superfluid helium, widely used to interpret decaying turbulence, is tested in the steady-state case. We deduce $\nueff$ from measurements of vortex line density, $\LL$, in a grid flow. The scaling of $\LL$ with velocity confirms the validity of the heuristic relation defining $\nueff$, $\epsilon = \nueff \left(\kappa \LL\right)^2$, where $\epsilon$ is the energy dissipation rate and $\kappa$ the circulation quantum. Within $1.17\, - 2.16\,{\rm K}$, $\nueff$ is consistent with that from decays, allowing for uncertainties in flow parameters. Numerical simulations of the two-fluid equations yield a second estimation of $\nueff$ within an order of magnitude with all experiments. Its temperature dependence, more pronounced in numerics than experiments, shows a cross-over from a viscous-dominated to a mutual-friction-based dissipation as temperature decreases, supporting the idea that the effective viscosity of a quantum turbulent flow is an indicator of the dissipative mechanisms at play.
Liste complète des métadonnées

Littérature citée [7 références]  Voir  Masquer  Télécharger

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00984313
Contributeur : Philippe-Emmanuel Roche <>
Soumis le : mardi 24 février 2015 - 17:04:27
Dernière modification le : vendredi 26 octobre 2018 - 10:37:39
Document(s) archivé(s) le : vendredi 29 mai 2015 - 09:45:29

Fichier

steady_viscosity_hal.pdf
Fichiers produits par l'(les) auteur(s)

Identifiants

Collections

Citation

Simone Babuin, Emil Varga, Ladislav Skrbek, Emmanuel Lévêque, Philippe-Emmanuel Roche. Effective viscosity in quantum turbulence: a steady-state approach. EPL - Europhysics Letters, European Physical Society/EDP Sciences/Società Italiana di Fisica/IOP Publishing, 2014, 106, pp.24006. 〈10.1209/0295-5075/106/24006〉. 〈hal-00984313v2〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

291

Téléchargements de fichiers

196