Detection of Galaxies with Gaia

Ronaldo E. De Souza 1 A. Krone-Martins 2 Sandra Dos Anjos C. Ducourant 2 Ramachrisna Teixeira
2 M2A 2014
L3AB - Laboratoire d'astrodynamique, d'astrophysique et d'aéronomie de bordeaux, OASU - Observatoire aquitain des sciences de l'univers, LAB - Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux [Pessac], Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux 1
Abstract : Besides its major objective tuned to the detection of the stellar galactic population the Gaia mission experiment will also observe a large number of galaxies. In this work we intend to evaluate the number and the characteristics of the galaxies that will effectively pass the onboard selection algorithm of Gaia. The detection of objects in Gaia will be performed in a section of the focal plane known as the Sky Mapper. Taking into account the Video Processing Algorithm criterion of detection and considering the known light profiles of discs and bulges galaxies we assess the number and the type of extra-galactic objects that will be observed by Gaia. We show that the stellar disk population of galaxies will be very difficult to be observed. On the contrary the spheroidal component of elliptical galaxies and bulges having higher central surface brightness and steeper brightness profile will be more easy to be detected. We estimate that most of the 20 000 elliptical population of nearby galaxies inside the local region up to 170 Mpc are in condition to be observed by Gaia. A similar number of bulges could also be observed although the low luminosity bulges should escape detection. About two thirds of the more distant objects up to 600 Mpc could also be detected increasing the total sample to half a million objects including ellipticals and bulges. The angular size of the detected objects will never exceed 4.72 arcsec which is the size of the largest transmitted windows. An heterogeneous population of elliptical galaxies and bulges will be observable by Gaia. This nearby Universe sample of galaxies should constitute a very rich and interesting sample to study their structural properties and their distribution.
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Contributeur : Marie-Paule Pomies <>
Soumis le : mardi 22 avril 2014 - 08:18:51
Dernière modification le : mercredi 27 juillet 2016 - 14:48:48




Ronaldo E. De Souza, A. Krone-Martins, Sandra Dos Anjos, C. Ducourant, Ramachrisna Teixeira. Detection of Galaxies with Gaia. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2014, 568, <10.1051/0004-6361/201423514>. <hal-00981325>



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