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p15(PAF) Is an Intrinsically Disordered Protein with Nonrandom Structural Preferences at Sites of Interaction with Other Proteins.

Abstract : We present to our knowledge the first structural characterization of the proliferating-cell-nuclear-antigen-associated factor p15(PAF), showing that it is monomeric and intrinsically disordered in solution but has nonrandom conformational preferences at sites of protein-protein interactions. p15(PAF) is a 12 kDa nuclear protein that acts as a regulator of DNA repair during DNA replication. The p15(PAF) gene is overexpressed in several types of human cancer. The nearly complete NMR backbone assignment of p15(PAF) allowed us to measure 86 N-H(N) residual dipolar couplings. Our residual dipolar coupling analysis reveals nonrandom conformational preferences in distinct regions, including the proliferating-cell-nuclear-antigen-interacting protein motif (PIP-box) and the KEN-box (recognized by the ubiquitin ligase that targets p15(PAF) for degradation). In accordance with these findings, analysis of the (15)N R2 relaxation rates shows a relatively reduced mobility for the residues in these regions. The agreement between the experimental small angle x-ray scattering curve of p15(PAF) and that computed from a statistical coil ensemble corrected for the presence of local secondary structural elements further validates our structural model for p15(PAF). The coincidence of these transiently structured regions with protein-protein interaction and posttranslational modification sites suggests a possible role for these structures as molecular recognition elements for p15(PAF).
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00967481
Contributor : Agnès Bussy Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, March 28, 2014 - 4:42:33 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 29, 2022 - 2:34:07 PM

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Alfredo de Biasio, Alain Ibáñez de Opakua, Tiago N Cordeiro, Maider Villate, Nekane Merino, et al.. p15(PAF) Is an Intrinsically Disordered Protein with Nonrandom Structural Preferences at Sites of Interaction with Other Proteins.. Biophysical Journal, Biophysical Society, 2014, 106 (4), pp.865-874. ⟨10.1016/j.bpj.2013.12.046⟩. ⟨hal-00967481⟩

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