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Factors influencing teachers' views of health and health education: A study in 15 countries

Abstract : Objective: To analyse teachers' health views in order to obtain general trends in factors influencing health and health education and to fit them into the negative-positive model of health proposed by Downie and collaborators. Method: This large international study involved 15 countries from Western and Eastern Europe, North and Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and South America, with high socioeconomic and cultural diversity. The questionnaire constructed and validated by the European FP6 project BIOHEAD-CITIZEN was applied in each country to a balanced sample of pre-service teachers (Pre) and in-service teachers (In) of primary schools (P) and secondary schools, teaching biology (B) or national language (L). Results: Women, older persons, those having longer higher university education, primary school teachers (compared to secondary teachers) and language teachers (compared to biology teachers) have a more positive view of health. The major difference was found between countries, rather than religion, where five groups emerged from cluster analysis. Conclusion: The study does not lead to a comprehensive view of factors influencing teachers' perceptions of health but results showed that there is a variety of variables associated with health and health education views. These findings can contribute to facilitate developing appropriate specific health education teachers' training courses.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 26, 2014 - 7:02:50 PM
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Didier Jourdan, Julie Pironom, Dominique Berger, Graça S. Carvalho. Factors influencing teachers' views of health and health education: A study in 15 countries. Health Education Journal, SAGE Publications, 2013, 72 (6), pp.660-672. ⟨10.1177/0017896912459821⟩. ⟨hal-00966587⟩



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