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Prevalence and risk factors for HIV, hepatitis B virus, and syphilis among pregnant women in Mayotte, Indian Ocean, 2008-2009.

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and risk factors for HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and syphilis among pregnant women living on the Indian Ocean island of Mayotte. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 671 pregnant women at 11 prenatal clinics on Mayotte between September 15, 2008, and September 27, 2009. Sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics were collected by interviewer-administered questionnaire. Blood samples were obtained for HIV, HBV, and syphilis testing. Risk factors were analyzed by exact logistic regression. RESULTS: No prevalent case of HIV infection was detected among the study population. The prevalence of HBV surface antigen and active syphilis (defined as a positive test result by both rapid plasma reagin and Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assays) was 3.4% and 2.1%, respectively. A positive HBV surface antigen test was associated with being born in Comoros and having sex with a casual partner during the previous year. Lack of education and a history of sexually transmitted infections in the past 5 years were associated with active syphilis. CONCLUSION: The continuing low prevalence of HIV and high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among pregnant women on Mayotte confirmed the so-called "Indian Ocean paradox."
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00965821
Contributor : Laurence Naiglin <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 25, 2014 - 4:48:56 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 20, 2021 - 5:20:02 PM

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Maoulide Saindou, Thomas Bénet, Didier Troalen, Abdoulkarim Abaine, Nicolas Voirin, et al.. Prevalence and risk factors for HIV, hepatitis B virus, and syphilis among pregnant women in Mayotte, Indian Ocean, 2008-2009.. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Elsevier, 2012, 119 (1), pp.61-5. ⟨10.1016/j.ijgo.2012.05.020⟩. ⟨hal-00965821⟩

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