Growth and metal uptake of microalgae produced using salt groundwaters from the Bay of Bourgneuf

Abstract : The Bay of Bourgneuf, France, is a main site of shellfish production. In the marshes along the bay, oyster intensive rearing and fattening need the mass production of microalgae. Salt groundwaters, available in this region, support a large part of this production for aquaculture. Studies carried out by local authorities have brought to the fore the accumulation of lead (Pb) in several samples of algal pastes derived from cultures using salt groundwater. The aim of this study was to compare growth, nutritional value and metal (Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn) uptake of four microalgae grown in two salt groundwaters or in enriched coastal seawater. Cultures of microalgae used in aquaculture (Haslea ostrearia, Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Skeletonema costatum and Tetraselmis suecica) were realised at the laboratory under controlled experimental conditions. Results indicated that salt groundwaters provided cultures with, at least, an equal biomass and a nutritional value similar to cultures grown in enriched seawater. There was no difference regarding metal accumulation whatever the culture medium, except when S. costatum was grown in one of the salt groundwater in which case its cadmium levels were higher and could be above the French guideline level. These observations questioned on the bioavailability of metals in salt groundwaters. It also underlines the specificity of metal uptake and accumulation by microalgae.
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Aquatic Living Resources, EDP Sciences, 2006, 19 (3), pp.247-255. 〈10.1051/alr:2006025〉
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Sindy Gagneux-Moreaux, Richard Cosson, Paco Bustamante, Christophe Moreau. Growth and metal uptake of microalgae produced using salt groundwaters from the Bay of Bourgneuf. Aquatic Living Resources, EDP Sciences, 2006, 19 (3), pp.247-255. 〈10.1051/alr:2006025〉. 〈hal-00963993〉

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