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Modelling rollers for shallow water flows

Abstract : Hydraulic jumps, roll waves or bores in open channel flows are often treated as singularities by hydraulicians while slowly varying shallow water flows are described by continuous solutions of the Saint-Venant equations. Richard & Gavrilyuk (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 725, 2013, pp. 492-521) have enriched this model by introducing an equation for roller vorticity in a very elegant manner. This new model matches several experimental results that have resisted theoretical approaches for decades. This is the case of the roller of a stationary hydraulic jump as well as the oscillatory instability that the jump encounters when the Froude number is increased. The universality of their approach as well as its convincing comparisons with experimental results open the way for significant progress in the modelling of open channel flows.
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Olivier Thual. Modelling rollers for shallow water flows. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2013, vol. 728, pp. 1-4. ⟨10.1017/jfm.2013.238⟩. ⟨hal-00960252⟩

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