Learning to See the Body: Supporting Instructional Practices in Laparoscopic Surgical Procedures

Abstract : Learning the performance of physically manipulating instruments in minimally invasive surgeries is an impetus for the development of surgical training simulators. However, an often-overlooked aspect of surgical training is learning how to see the body through various imaging mechanisms. With this study, we address the ways in which surgeons demonstrate and instruct residents in seeing the body during minimally invasive surgical procedures. Drawing on observations and analysis of video recordings of minimally invasive surgical operations, we examine how particular anatomy and movement within the body to see and conceptualize that anatomy are made visible by the instructive practices of the surgeon. We use these findings to discuss further directions for minimally invasive surgical training through mechanisms for making the body visible during situated surgical training and surgical training simulation systems.
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Helena Mentis, Amine Chellali, Steven D. Schwaitzberg. Learning to See the Body: Supporting Instructional Practices in Laparoscopic Surgical Procedures. ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2014), Apr 2014, Toronto, Canada. pp.2113--2122, ⟨10.1145/2556288.2557387⟩. ⟨hal-00957806⟩

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