Comparative study of autodyne and heterodyne laser interferometry for imaging

Eric Lacot 1 Olivier Jacquin 1 Grégoire Roussely 1 Olivier Hugon 1 Hugues Guillet de Chatellus 1
1 LIPhy-OPTIMA
LIPhy - Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire de Physique [Saint Martin d’Hères]
Abstract : For given laser output power, object under investigation and photodiode noise level, we have theoretically compared the signal to noise ratio (SNR) of a heterodyne scanning imager based on a Michelson interferometer and of an autodyne setup based on the Laser Optical Feedback Imaging (LOFI) technique. In both cases, the image is obtained point by point. In the heterodyne configuration, the beating between the reference beam and the signal beam is realized outside the laser cavity (i.e. directly on the detector), while in the autodyne configuration, the wave beating takes place inside the laser cavity and therefore is indirectly detected. In the autodyne configuration, where the laser relaxation oscillations play a leading role, we have compared 1D scans obtained by numerical simulations with different lasers dynamical parameters. Finally we have determined the best laser for LOFI applications and the experimental conditions for which the LOFI detection setup (autodyne interferometer) is competitive comparing to a heterodyne interferometer. © 2010 Optical Society of America
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Eric Lacot, Olivier Jacquin, Grégoire Roussely, Olivier Hugon, Hugues Guillet de Chatellus. Comparative study of autodyne and heterodyne laser interferometry for imaging. Journal of the Optical Society of America. A Optics, Image Science, and Vision, Optical Society of America, 2010, 27, pp.2450. ⟨10.1364/JOSAA.27.002450⟩. ⟨hal-00951772⟩

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