Fragmentation of massive dense cores down to ~1000 AU: Relation between fragmentation and density structure

Aina Palau R. Estalella J. M. Girart A. Fuente 1 F. Fontani B. Commercon 2 G. Busquet S. Bontemps 3 A. Sanchez-Monge L. A. Zapata Q. Zhang P. Hennebelle J. Di Francesco 4
L3AB - Laboratoire d'astrodynamique, d'astrophysique et d'aéronomie de bordeaux, OASU - Observatoire aquitain des sciences de l'univers, LAB - Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux [Pessac], Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux 1
Abstract : In order to shed light on the main physical processes controlling fragmentation of massive dense cores, we present a uniform study of the density structure of 19 massive dense cores, selected to be at similar evolutionary stages, for which their relative fragmentation level was assessed in a previous work. We inferred the density structure of the 19 cores through a simultaneous fit of the radial intensity profiles at 450 and 850 micron (or 1.2 mm in two cases) and the Spectral Energy Distribution, assuming spherical symmetry and that the density and temperature of the cores decrease with radius following power-laws. We find a weak (inverse) trend of fragmentation level and density power-law index, with steeper density profiles tending to show lower fragmentation, and vice versa. In addition, we find a trend of fragmentation increasing with density within a given radius, which arises from a combination of flat density profile and high central density and is consistent with Jeans fragmentation. We considered the effects of rotational-to-gravitational energy ratio, non-thermal velocity dispersion, and turbulence mode on the density structure of the cores, and found that compressive turbulence seems to yield higher central densities. Finally, a possible explanation for the origin of cores with concentrated density profiles, which are the cores showing no fragmentation, could be related with a strong magnetic field, consistent with the outcome of radiation magnetohydrodynamic simulations.
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Soumis le : lundi 24 février 2014 - 12:38:11
Dernière modification le : jeudi 3 mai 2018 - 15:18:02

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Aina Palau, R. Estalella, J. M. Girart, A. Fuente, F. Fontani, et al.. Fragmentation of massive dense cores down to ~1000 AU: Relation between fragmentation and density structure. Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2014, 785 (1), 42. 〈10.1088/0004-637X/785/1/42〉. 〈hal-00951180〉



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