Age, sex and breeding status shape a complex foraging pattern in an extremely long-lived seabird

Abstract : Evidence of age-dependent changes in foraging behavior of free-ranging individuals is scarce, especially at older stages. Using the isotopic niche as a proxy of the trophic niche during both the breeding (blood) and inter-nesting (feather) periods, we report here empirical evidence for age-, gender- and breeding status-dependent foraging ecology and examine its potential consequences on subsequent reproduction and survival in an extremely long-lived species, the wandering albatross. Immature wandering albatrosses of both sexes forage in the subtropics (δ13C) and feed at the same trophic position (δ15N) than the adults. In contrast to immature birds, adult females forage on average at northern latitudes than males, with both sexes feeding in the subtropics during the inter-nesting period, and males, not females, favouring subantartic waters during incubation. In contrast to adult females, males showed a unique pattern among birds and mammals of a continuous change with age in their main feeding habitat by foraging progressively further south in colder waters during both the breeding and inter-nesting periods. In males, foraging at higher latitudes (lower feather δ13C values) is associated with a lower probability to breed during the following years compared to other birds, but with no effect on their probability to survive. Foraging in cold and windy waters may be linked to foraging impairment that might explain different life history trade-offs and lower investment in reproduction with age. This key point requires further longitudinal investigations and/or studies examining foraging success and energy budget of birds feeding in different water masses.
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Contributor : Martine Lacalle <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 12, 2014 - 10:36:53 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 27, 2019 - 1:01:45 AM

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Audrey Jaeger, Aurélie Goutte, Vincent J Lecomte, Pierre Richard, Olivier Chastel, et al.. Age, sex and breeding status shape a complex foraging pattern in an extremely long-lived seabird. Ecology, Ecological Society of America, 2014, 95 (8), pp.2324-2333. ⟨10.1890/13-1376.1⟩. ⟨hal-00945312⟩



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