Self-gravity in thin discs and edge effects: an extension of Paczynski's approximation

Audrey Trova 1 J.-M. Huré 1 F. Hersant 1
L3AB - Laboratoire d'astrodynamique, d'astrophysique et d'aéronomie de bordeaux, OASU - Observatoire aquitain des sciences de l'univers, LAB - Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux [Pessac], Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux 1
Abstract : As hydrostatic equilibrium of gaseous discs is partly governed by the gravity field, we have estimated the component caused by a vertically homogeneous disc, with a special attention for the outer regions where self-gravity classically appears. The accuracy of the integral formula is better than 1%, whatever the disc thickness, radial extension and radial density profile. At order zero, the field is even algebraic for thin discs and writes $- 4 \pi G \Sigma(R) f_{edge} (R)$ at disc surface, thereby correcting Paczynski's formula by a multiplying factor $f_{edge} \gtrsim 1/2$, which depends on the relative distance to the edges and the local disc thickness. For very centrally condensed discs however, this local contribution can be surpassed by action of mass stored in the inner regions, possibly resulting in $f_{edge} \gg 1$. A criterion setting the limit between these two regimes is derived. These result are robust in the sense that the details of vertical stratification are not critical. We briefly discuss how hydrostatic equilibrium is impacted. In particular, the disc flaring should not reverse in the self-gravitating region, which contradicts what is usually obtained from Paczynski's formula. This suggests that i) these outer regions are probably not fully shadowed by the inner ones (important when illuminated by a central star), and ii) the flared shape of discs does not firmly prove the absence or weakness of self-gravity.
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Contributeur : Marie-Paule Pomies <>
Soumis le : lundi 10 février 2014 - 13:44:16
Dernière modification le : mercredi 27 juillet 2016 - 14:48:48




Audrey Trova, J.-M. Huré, F. Hersant. Self-gravity in thin discs and edge effects: an extension of Paczynski's approximation. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2014, 563, <10.1051/0004-6361/201322125>. <hal-00944235>



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