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Space-time focusing of acoustic waves on unknown scatterers

Maxence Cassier 1 Christophe Hazard 1
1 POEMS - Propagation des Ondes : Étude Mathématique et Simulation
Inria Saclay - Ile de France, UMA - Unité de Mathématiques Appliquées, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR7231
Abstract : Consider a propagative medium, possibly inhomogeneous, containing some scatterers whose positions are unknown. Using an array of transmit-receive transducers, how can one generate a wave that would focus in space and time near one of the scatterers, that is, a wave whose energy would confine near the scatterer during a short time? The answer proposed in the present paper is based on the so-called DORT method (French acronym for: decomposition of the time reversal operator) which has led to numerous applications owing to the related space-focusing properties in the frequency domain, i.e., for time-harmonic waves. This method essentially consists in a singular value decomposition (SVD) of the scattering operator, that is, the operator which maps the input signals sent to the transducers to the measure of the scattered wave. By introducing a particular SVD related to the symmetry of the scattering operator, we show how to synchronize the time-harmonic signals derived from the DORT method to achieve space-time focusing. We consider the case of the scalar wave equation and we make use of an asymptotic model for small sound-soft scatterers, usually called the Foldy-Lax model. In this context, several mathematical and numerical arguments that support our idea are explored.
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Maxence Cassier, Christophe Hazard. Space-time focusing of acoustic waves on unknown scatterers. Wave Motion, Elsevier, 2014, pp.19. ⟨10.1016/j.wavemoti.2014.07.009⟩. ⟨hal-00935844⟩

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