On a family of cubic graphs containing the ower snarks

Abstract : We consider cubic graphs formed with $k \geq 2$ disjoint claws $C_i \sim K_{1, 3}$ ($0 \leq i \leq k-1$) such that for every integer $i$ modulo $k$ the three vertices of degree $1$ of $\ C_i$ are joined to the three vertices of degree $1$ of $C_{i-1}$ and joined to the three vertices of degree $1$ of $C_{i+1}$. Denote by $t_i$ the vertex of degree $3$ of $C_i$ and by $T$ the set $\{t_1, t_2,..., t_{k-1}\}$. In such a way we construct three distinct graphs, namely $FS(1,k)$, $FS(2,k)$ and $FS(3,k)$. The graph $FS(j,k)$ ($j \in \{1, 2, 3\}$) is the graph where the set of vertices $\cup_{i=0}^{i=k-1}V(C_i) \setminus T$ induce $j$ cycles (note that the graphs $FS(2,2p+1)$, $p\geq2$, are the flower snarks defined by Isaacs). We determine the number of perfect matchings of every $FS(j,k)$. A cubic graph $G$ is said to be {\em $2$-factor hamiltonian} if every $2$-factor of $G$ is a hamiltonian cycle. We characterize the graphs $FS(j,k)$ that are $2$-factor hamiltonian (note that $FS(1,3)$ is the "Triplex Graph" of Robertson, Seymour and Thomas). A {\em strong matching} $M$ in a graph $G$ is a matching $M$ such that there is no edge of $E(G)$ connecting any two edges of $M$. A cubic graph having a perfect matching union of two strong matchings is said to be a {\emJaeger's graph}. We characterize the graphs $FS(j,k)$ that are Jaeger's graphs.
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Jean-Luc Fouquet, Henri Thuillier, Jean-Marie Vanherpe. On a family of cubic graphs containing the ower snarks. Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory, University of Zielona Góra, 2010, 30 (2), pp.289-314. ⟨10.7151/dmgt.1495⟩. ⟨hal-00934272⟩

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