HBF49 feature set: A first unified baseline for online symbol recognition

Abstract : As the rise of pen-enabled interfaces is accompanied with an increased number of techniques for recognition of pen-based input, recent trends in symbol recognition show an escalation in systems complexity (number of features, classifiers combination) or the over-specialization of systems to specific datasets or applications. Despite the importance of representation space in feature-based methods, few works focus on the design of feature sets adapted to a large variety of symbols, and no universal representation space was proposed as a benchmarking reference. We introduce in this work HBF49, a unique set of features for the representation of hand-drawn symbols to be used as a reference for evaluation of symbol recognition systems. An empirical constructive approach is adopted for designing this set of 49 simple features, able to handle a large diversity of symbols in various experimental contexts. An original effort is made for guaranteeing transparency of features design and reproducibility of experiments. We demonstrate that using off-the-shelf statistical classifiers, the HBF49 representation performs comparably or better than state-of-the-art results reported on eight databases of hand-drawn objects. We also obtain a good recognition performance for user-defined gestures that further attests the ability of HBF49 to deal with a great variety of symbols.
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Pattern Recognition, Elsevier, 2013, 46 (1), pp.117-130. 〈10.1016/j.patcog.2012.07.015〉
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Adrien Delaye, Eric Anquetil. HBF49 feature set: A first unified baseline for online symbol recognition. Pattern Recognition, Elsevier, 2013, 46 (1), pp.117-130. 〈10.1016/j.patcog.2012.07.015〉. 〈hal-00933509〉

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