Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Conference papers

Diverse resonance tuning strategies for women singers

Abstract : Over the range 200 to 2000 Hz, the fundamental frequency f0 of women's singing voices covers the range of the first two resonances (R1 and R2) of the vocal tract. This allows diverse techniques of resonance tuning. Resonances were measured using broadband excitation at their lips. A commonly noted strategy, used by sopranos, and some altos, is to tune R1 close to the fundamental frequency f0 (R1:f0 tuning) once f0 approached the value of R1 of that vowel in speech. At extremely high pitch, sopranos could no longer increase R1 sufficiently and switched from R1:f0 to R2:f0 tuning. At lower pitch many singers of various singing styles found it advantageous to use R1:2f0 tuning Additionally, many sopranos employed R2:2f0 tuning over some of their range, often simultaneously with R1:f0 tuning.
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [13 references]  Display  Hide  Download
Contributor : Nathalie Henrich Bernardoni <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 6, 2014 - 9:39:35 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 25, 2020 - 10:02:03 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, April 10, 2014 - 4:12:16 PM


Files produced by the author(s)


  • HAL Id : hal-00923955, version 1



John Smith, Joe Wolfe, Nathalie Henrich Bernardoni, Maëva Garnier. Diverse resonance tuning strategies for women singers. Stockholm Music Acoustics Conference SMAC 2013, Jul 2013, Paris, Sweden. pp.306-310. ⟨hal-00923955⟩



Record views


Files downloads