Response of the ozone column over Europe to the 2011 Arctic ozone depletion event according to ground-based observations and assessment of the consequent variations in surface UV irradiance

Boyan H. Petkov 1, 2 Vito Vitale 2 Claudio Tomasi 2 Anna Maria Siani 3 Gunther Seckmeyer 4 Ann Webb 5 Andrew R. D. Smedley 5 Giuseppe Rocco Casale 3 Rolf Werner 6 Christian Lanconelli 2 Mauro Mazzola 2 Angelo Lupi 2 Maurizio Busetto 2 Henri Diémoz Florence Goutail 7 Ulf Köhler 8 Bogdana T. Mendeva 6 Weine Josefsson 9 David Moore 10 María López Bartolomé 11 Juan Ramon Moret González 11 Oliver Mišaga 12 Arne Dahlback 13 Zoltán Tóth 14 Saji Varghese 15 Hugo de Backer 16 René Stübi 17 Karel Vaníček 18
Abstract : The strong ozone depletion event that occurred in Arctic during spring 2011 was found to cause appreciable reduction in the ozone column (OC) in Europe, even at lower latitudes. The features of this episode have been analysed using the data recorded at 34 ground-based stations located in the European area and compared with the similar events in 2000 and 2005. The results provided evidence that OC as far south as 40°N latitude was considerably influenced by the Arctic ozone loss in spring 2011. The reduction of OC at the northernmost sites was about 40% with respect to the mean value calculated over the previous six-year period, while a similar decrease at the southern extreme ranged between 15 and 18%, and were delayed by nearly two weeks compared to the Arctic region. The ozone distributions reconstructed for the West Europe sector show that the decline of OC lasted from late March to late April 2011. The echo of the Arctic ozone depletion on mid-latitude UV irradiance has been analysed trough model computations that show an increase of the midday erythemal dose by 3-4 SED (1 SED = 100 J m-2) that was slightly higher than at polar regions. On the other hand it was assessed that the biosystems in the northernmost regions were a subject of about 4 times higher UV stress than those at mid-latitudes. Despite indications of an OC recovery, the event examined here shows that the issue of ozone depletion episodes cannot be belittled.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 26, 2013 - 10:16:11 AM
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Boyan H. Petkov, Vito Vitale, Claudio Tomasi, Anna Maria Siani, Gunther Seckmeyer, et al.. Response of the ozone column over Europe to the 2011 Arctic ozone depletion event according to ground-based observations and assessment of the consequent variations in surface UV irradiance. Atmospheric Environment, Elsevier, 2014, 85, pp.169-178. ⟨10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.12.005⟩. ⟨hal-00922350⟩

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