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Species separation of a binary mixture in the presence of mixed convection

Abstract : In this paper, an analytical and numerical study to determine the species separation process in a binary fluid mixture by decoupling the thermal gradient from the convective velocity was performed. The configuration considered is a horizontal rectangular cavity of large aspect ratio, filled with a binary fluid. A constant tangential velocity is applied to the upper horizontal wall. The two horizontal impermeable walls are maintained at different and uniform temperatures T₁ and T₂ with ΔT=T₂ - T₁. Species separation is governed by two control parameters, the temperature difference and the velocity of the upper plate U ⃗eₓ . The intensity of the thermodiffusion is controlled by the temperature gradient, while the velocity U ⃗eₓ controls the convective flow. This problem depends on six dimensionless parameters, namely, the separation ratio ψ, the Lewis number Le, the Prandlt number Pr, the aspect ratio of the cell A and two control parameters: the thermal Rayleigh number, Ra and the Péclet number (Pem=PeLe). In this study, the separation (mass fraction difference between the two ends of the cell) is obtained analytically as a function of mass Péclet number (Pem = PeLe) and mass Rayleigh number (Ram = 540). The numerical results, obtained using the full governing equations, are in good agreement with the analytical results based on a parallel flow approximation.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 19, 2013 - 3:19:42 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 21, 2021 - 3:10:31 AM
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Ali Khouzam, Abdelkader Mojtabi, Marie-Catherine Charrier-Mojtabi, Bafétigué Ouattara. Species separation of a binary mixture in the presence of mixed convection. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, Elsevier, 2013, vol. 73, pp.18-27. ⟨10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2013.05.012⟩. ⟨hal-00921009⟩



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