Mechanical response of animal abdominal walls in vitro: Evaluation of the influence of a hernia defect and a repair with a mesh implanted intraperitoneally

Abstract : Better mechanical knowledge of the abdominal wall is requested to further develop and validate numerical models. The aim of this study was to characterize the passive behaviour of the abdominal wall under three configurations: intact, after creating a defect simulating an incisional hernia, and after a repair with a mesh implanted intraperitonally. For each configuration, controlled boundary conditions were applied (air pressure and then contact loading) to the abdominal wall. 3D local strain fields were determined by digital image correlation. Local strains measured on the internal and external surfaces of the intact abdominal wall showed different patterns. The air pressure and the force applied to the abdominal wall during contact loading were measured and used to determine stiffness. The presence of a defect resulted in a significant decrease of the global stiffness compared to the intact abdominal wall (about 25%). In addition, the presence of the mesh enabled to restore the stiffness to values that were not significantly different from those of the intact wall. These results suggest that intraperitoneal mesh seems to restore the global biomechanics of the abdomen.
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Journal of Biomechanics, Elsevier, 2013, 46 (5), pp.882-889. 〈10.1016/j.jbiomech.2012.09.014〉
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Florence Podwojewski, Mélanie Ottenio, Philippe Beillas, Gaëtan Guerin, Frédéric Turquier, et al.. Mechanical response of animal abdominal walls in vitro: Evaluation of the influence of a hernia defect and a repair with a mesh implanted intraperitoneally. Journal of Biomechanics, Elsevier, 2013, 46 (5), pp.882-889. 〈10.1016/j.jbiomech.2012.09.014〉. 〈hal-00918598〉

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