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Renewable energy: Progressing towards a net zero energy island, the case of Reunion Island

Abstract : For the last two decades, economic development in Reunion Island has led to major structural changes. The latter have been characterized by an increase in energy demand per person. This demand is mostly related to a high population growth (1.55% per year). Reunion currently has 833,000 inhabitants. The population will rise to 1 million in 2030. Like most ultraperipheral regions of the European Union, Reunion is heavily dependent on imported fossil fuels for its energy production. The total primary energy consumption amounted to 1352 ktep in 2009 and 87.1% is imported energy. The development of various renewable energies such as solar energy, biomass, ocean energy, etc. is thus of priority concern to aim to achieve energetic independence. Just like other French overseas territories, Reunion policies have widely invested in Renewable Energy Sources (RES) since 2000. This paper aims at presenting the current status, the major achievements of policies and the future objectives in the deployment of renewable energy programmes. The perspective of a net zero energy island versus the pressure of the population is analysed. The barriers to penetration of RES in a small-scale territory are also discussed.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 13, 2013 - 7:04:02 AM
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Jean-Philippe Praene, Mathieu David, Frantz Sinama, Dominique Morau, Olivier Marc. Renewable energy: Progressing towards a net zero energy island, the case of Reunion Island. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, 2012, 16 (1), pp.426--442. ⟨10.1016/j.rser.2011.08.007⟩. ⟨hal-00918166⟩



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