Factors affecting the selectivity of nanoparticle-based photoinduced damage in free and xenografted chorioallantoïc membrane model.

Abstract : : Abstract Background: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a minimally invasive treatment modality for selective destruction of tumours. Critical anatomical structures, like blood vessels in close proximity to the tumour, could be harmed during PDT. Purpose: This study aims to discriminate the photoinduced response of normal and cancerous tissues to photodamage induced by liposomal formulations of meta-tetra(hydroxyphenyl)chlorin (mTHPC). Methods: Normal vascular and cancerous tissues were represented, respectively, by free and xenografted in vivo model of chick chorioallantoïc membrane (CAM). Eggs received an intravenous administration of plain (Foslip®) or stabilised formulations (Fospeg®). Drug release and liposome destruction were, respectively, determined by photoinduced quenching and nanoparticle tracking analysis. PDT was performed at different drug-light intervals (DLI) with further assessment of photothrombic activity, tumoritropism and photoinduced necrosis. Results: Compared to Foslip®, Fospeg® demonstrated significantly higher stability, slower drug release, better tumoricidal effect and lower damage to the normal vasculature at already 1 h DLI. Discussion: This work suggests that nanoparticle-based PDT selectivity could be optimised by analyzing the photoinduced damage of healthy and tumour tissues. Conclusion: In fine, Fospeg® appeared to be the ideal candidate in clinical context due to its potential to destroy tumours and reduce vascular damage to normal tissues at short DLI.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00917825
Contributor : Henri-Pierre Lassalle <>
Submitted on : Thursday, December 12, 2013 - 3:09:27 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 7, 2019 - 4:33:15 PM

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Julie Garrier, Vadzim Reshetov, Susanna Gräfe, François Guillemin, Vladimir Zorin, et al.. Factors affecting the selectivity of nanoparticle-based photoinduced damage in free and xenografted chorioallantoïc membrane model.. Journal of Drug Targeting, Informa Healthcare, 2014, 22 (3), pp.220-231. ⟨10.3109/1061186X.2013.860981⟩. ⟨hal-00917825⟩

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