Solar Wind Charge Exchange Emission in the Chandra Deep Field North

Jonathan D. Slavin 1 Bradford J. Wargelin 1 Dimitra Koutroumpa 2
LATMOS - Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales
Abstract : The diffuse soft X-ray background comes from distant galaxies, from hot Galactic gas, and from within the solar system. The latter emission arises from charge exchange between highly charged solar wind ions and neutral gas. This so-called solar wind charge exchange (SWCX) emission is spatially and temporally variable and interferes with our measurements of more distant cosmic emission while also providing important information on the nature of the solar wind-interstellar medium interaction. We present the results of our analysis of eight Chandra observations of the Chandra Deep Field North (CDFN) with the goal of measuring the cosmic and SWCX contributions to the X-ray background. Our modeling of both geocoronal and heliospheric SWCX emission is the most detailed for any observation to date. After allowing for ~30% uncertainty in the SWCX emission and subtracting it from the observational data, we estimate that the flux of cosmic background for the CDFN in the O VII Kα, Kβ, and O VIII Lyα lines totals 5.8 ± 1.1 photons s-1 cm-2 sr-1 (or LU). Heliospheric SWCX emission varied for each observation due to differences in solar wind conditions and the line of sight through the solar system, but was typically about half as strong as the cosmic background (i.e., one-third of the total) in those lines. The modeled geocoronal emission was 0.82 LU in one observation but averaged only 0.15 LU in the others. Our measurement of the cosmic background is lower than but marginally consistent with previous estimates based on XMM-Newton data.
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Soumis le : mardi 3 décembre 2013 - 14:35:57
Dernière modification le : jeudi 21 mars 2019 - 13:17:23

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Jonathan D. Slavin, Bradford J. Wargelin, Dimitra Koutroumpa. Solar Wind Charge Exchange Emission in the Chandra Deep Field North. Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2013, 779 (1), pp.13. 〈10.1088/0004-637X/779/1/13〉. 〈hal-00913265〉



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