Local Distributed Decision

Abstract : A central theme in distributed network algorithms concerns understanding and coping with the issue of locality. Inspired by sequential complexity theory, we focus on a complexity theory for distributed decision problems. In the context of locality, solving a decision problem requires the processors to independently inspect their local neighborhoods and then collectively decide whether a given global input instance belongs to some specified language. This paper introduces several classes of distributed decision problems, proves separation among them and presents some complete problems. More specifically, we consider the standard LOCAL model of computation and define LD (for local decision) as the class of decision problems that can be solved in constant number of communication rounds. We first study the intriguing question of whether randomization helps in local distributed computing, and to what extent. Specifically, we define the corresponding randomized class BPLD, and ask whether LD=BPLD. We provide a partial answer to this question by showing that in many cases, randomization does not help for deciding hereditary languages. In addition, we define the notion of local many-one reductions, and introduce the (nondeterministic) class NLD of decision problems for which there exists a certificate that can be verified in constant number of communication rounds. We prove that there exists an NLD-complete problem. We also show that there exist problems not in NLD. On the other hand, we prove that the class NLD#n, which is NLD assuming that each processor can access an oracle that provides the number of nodes in the network, contains all (decidable) languages. For this class we provide a natural complete problem as well.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00912561
Contributor : Amos Korman <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 2, 2013 - 12:27:50 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 4, 2019 - 5:33:21 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00912561, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1011.2152

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Pierre Fraigniaud, Amos Korman, David Peleg. Local Distributed Decision. Journal of the ACM (JACM), Association for Computing Machinery, 2013, pp.35. ⟨hal-00912561⟩

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