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Strain field measurement in orthogonal machining of a titanium alloy

Abstract : Improving the cutting processes by optimizing operating parameters necessarily involves understanding the thermo-mechanical mechanisms generated during chip formation. For this, numerical simulations are used to obtain the strain, stress and thermal fields near the tool tip. Nowadays, the validation of numerical simulation models of cutting is based on macroscopic results such as chip geometry and cutting forces generated by the machining process. However, it is not appropriate to validate local fields by macroscopic results. So, it is important to validate numerical cutting simulations on the bases of measured local strain fields. This article aims to study the feasibility of strain field measurement in orthogonal machining of the titanium alloy Ti64. A high-speed camera was used to provide data for segmented chip formation analysis. A microscope was related to the camera to observe an area of about 0.7x0.7mm² around the tool tip. An optimum adjustment of camera settings, lighting, workpiece surface preparation and cutting conditions allowed to obtain an acceptable image quality for analyzing with Correli [1] software. At low cutting speed, Correli qualitatively identify the position of the primary shear band and its evolution over the time.
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Madalina Calamaz, Dominique Coupard, Franck Girot. Strain field measurement in orthogonal machining of a titanium alloy. Advanced Materials Research, Trans Tech Publications, 2012, 498, pp.237-242. ⟨10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.498.237⟩. ⟨hal-00911094⟩

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