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Effect of oxic/anoxic switches on bacterial communities and PAH biodegradation in an oil-contaminated sludge.

Abstract : PURPOSE: We studied the effect of alternations of aeration on both the autochthonous bacterial communities from an oily sludge to the endogenous polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) biodegradation compared to a permanent oxic condition. METHODS: Genomic and transcriptional analyses associated with chemical measurements were used to assess the dynamics of bacteria coupled to PAH removal during an incubation of 26 days. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The autochthonous bacterial communities of an oil sludge showed a strong potential to adapt and degrade PAH when they were subjected to alternating anoxic/oxic conditions, as well as under an oxic condition. In addition, changes in the bacterial communities were related to the different phases of hydrocarbon degradation, and the removal efficiency of PAH was similar in both switching and permanent oxic conditions. This methodology could be useful for an alternative solution of oil sludge treatment with a low-cost processing, as its efficiency is similar to that of a permanent oxic incubation which is more expensive in oxygen supply.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00907074
Contributor : Corinne Caroff <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 20, 2013 - 5:42:12 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 7:18:51 PM

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Isabelle Vitte, Robert Duran, Ronan Jézéquel, Pierre Caumette, Cristiana Cravo-Laureau. Effect of oxic/anoxic switches on bacterial communities and PAH biodegradation in an oil-contaminated sludge.. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2011, 18 (6), pp.1022-32. ⟨10.1007/s11356-010-0435-7⟩. ⟨hal-00907074⟩

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